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Contents

What is CFD trading and how does it work?

Trading contracts for difference (CFDs) is a way of speculating on financial markets that doesn’t require the buying and selling of any underlying assets. Find out everything you need to know to understand CFD trading, from what it is and how it works to short trades, leverage and hedging.

Interested in trading CFDs with IG?

Call +61 (3) 9860 1799 or email [email protected] to talk about opening a trading account. We’re here 24 hours a day, from 4am Saturday to 10pm Friday (BST).

What is CFD trading?

CFD trading is defined as ‘the buying and selling of CFDs’, with ‘CFD’ meaning ‘contract for difference’. CFDs are a derivative product because they enable you to speculate on financial markets such as shares, forex, indices and commodities without having to take ownership of the underlying assets.

Instead, when you trade a CFD, you are agreeing to exchange the difference in the price of an asset from the point at which the contract is opened to when it is closed. One of the main benefits of CFD trading is that you can speculate on price movements in either direction, with the profit or loss you make dependent on the extent to which your forecast is correct.

The sections that follow explain some of the main features and uses of contracts for difference:

Short and long CFD trading explained

CFD trading enables you to speculate on price movements in either direction. So while you can mimic a traditional trade that profits as a market rises in price, you can also open a CFD position that will profit as the underlying market decreases in price. This is referred to as selling or ‘going short’, as opposed to buying or ‘going long’.

If you think Apple shares are going to fall in price, for example, you could sell a share CFD on the company. You’ll still exchange the difference in price between when your position is opened and when it is closed, but will earn a profit if the shares drop in price and a loss if they increase in price.

With both long and short trades, profits and losses will be realised once the position is closed.

Leverage in CFD trading explained

CFD trading is leveraged, which means you can gain exposure to a large position without having to commit the full cost at the outset. Say you wanted to open a position equivalent to 500 Apple shares. With a standard trade, that would mean paying the full cost of the shares upfront. With a contract for difference, on the other hand, you might only have to put up 5% of the cost.

While leverage enables you to spread your capital further, it is important to keep in mind that your profit or loss will still be calculated on the full size of your position. In our example, that would be the difference in the price of 500 Apple shares from the point you opened the trade to the point you closed it. That means both profits and losses can be hugely magnified compared to your outlay, and that losses can exceed deposits. For this reason, it is important to pay attention to the leverage ratio and make sure that you are trading within your means.

Margin explained

Leveraged trading is sometimes referred to as ‘trading on margin’ because the funds required to open and maintain a position – the ‘margin’ – represent only a fraction of its total size.

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When trading CFDs, there are two types of margin. A deposit margin is required to open a position, while a maintenance margin may be required if your trade gets close to incurring losses that the deposit margin – and any additional funds in your account – will not cover. If this happens, you may get a margin call from your provider asking you to top up the funds in your account. If you don’t add sufficient funds, the position may be closed and any losses incurred will be realised.

Hedging with CFDs explained

CFDs can also be used to hedge against losses in an existing portfolio.

For example, if you believed that some ABC Limited shares in your portfolio could suffer a short-term dip in value as a result of a disappointing earnings report, you could offset some of the potential loss by going short on the market through a CFD trade. If you did decide to hedge your risk in this way, any drop in the value of the ABC Limited shares in your portfolio would be offset by a gain in your short CFD trade.

How do CFDs work?

Now you understand what contracts for difference are, it’s time to take a look at how they work. Here we explain four of the key concepts behind CFD trading: spreads, deal sizes, durations and profit/loss.

Spread and commission

CFD prices are quoted in two prices: the buy price and the sell price.

  • The sell price (or bid price) is the price at which you can open a short CFD
  • The buy price (or offer price) is the price at which you can open a long CFD

Sell prices will always be slightly lower than the current market price, and buy prices will be slightly higher. The difference between the two prices is referred to as the spread.

Most of the time, the cost to open a CFD position is covered in the spread: meaning that buy and sell prices will be adjusted to reflect the cost of making the trade.

The exception to this is our share CFDs, which are not charged via the spread. Instead, our buy and sell prices match the price of the underlying market and the charge for opening a share CFD position is commission-based. By using commission, the act of speculating on share prices with a CFD is closer to buying and selling shares in the market.

Deal size

CFDs are traded in standardised contracts (lots). The size of an individual contract varies depending on the underlying asset being traded, often mimicking how that asset is traded on the market.

Silver, for example, is traded on commodity exchanges in lots of 5000 troy ounces, and its equivalent contract for difference also has a value of 5000 troy ounces. For share CFDs, the contract size is usually representative of one share in the company you are trading. To open a position that mimics buying 500 shares of HSBC, you’d buy 500 HSBC CFD contracts.

This is another way in which CFD trading is more similar to traditional trading than other derivatives, such as options.

Duration

Most CFD trades have no fixed expiry – unlike options. Instead, a position is closed by placing a trade in the opposite direction to the one that opened it. A buy position of 500 gold contracts, for instance, would be closed by selling 500 gold contracts.

If you keep a daily CFD position open past the daily cut-off time (typically 10pm UK time, although this may vary for international markets), you’ll be charged an overnight funding charge. The cost reflects the cost of the capital your provider has in effect lent you in order to open a leveraged trade.

This isn’t always the case though, with the main exception being a forward contract. A forward contract has an expiry date at some point in the future, and has all overnight funding charges already included in the spread.

Profit and loss

To calculate the profit or loss earned from a CFD trade, you multiply the deal size of the position (total number of contracts) by the value of each contract (expressed per point of movement). You then multiply that figure by the difference in points between the price when you opened the contract and when you closed it.

Profit or loss
=
(no. of contracts x value of each contract)
x (closing price – opening price)

For a full calculation of the profit or loss from a trade, you’d also subtract any charges or fees you paid. These could be overnight funding charges, commission or guaranteed stop fees.

Say, for instance, that you buy 50 FTSE 100 contracts when the buy price is 7500.0. A single FTSE 100 contract is equal to a $10 per point, so for each point of upward movement you would make $500 and for each point of downward movement you would lose $500 (50 contracts multiplied by $10).

If you sell when the FTSE 100 is trading at 7505.0, your profit would be $2500

2500 = (50 x 10) x (7505.0 – 7500.0)

If you sell when the FTSE 100 is trading at 7497.0, your loss would be $1500

-1500 = (50 x 10) x (7497.0 – 7500.0)

Can I trade CFDs without leverage?

Some providers allow you to trade CFDs without leverage. With IG, however, all CFD trades are leveraged. The amount of leverage offered depends on various factors including the volatility and liquidity of the underlying market, as well as the law in the country in which you are trading.

How do I use CFDs for hedging?

The way to use CFDs for hedging is by opening a position that will become profitable if one of your other positions begins to incur a loss. An example of this would be taking out a short position on a market that tracks the price of an asset you own. Any drop in the value of your asset would then be offset by the profit from your CFD trade.

Say, for example, you hold a number of shares in Apple but believe these shares may fall in value in the future. You could go short on Apple via a share CFD. If you are correct and your Apple shares fall in value, then the profit from your short CFD trade will offset this loss.

What is the difference between CFDs and futures?

When you trade CFDs (contracts for difference), you buy a certain number of contracts on a market if you expect it to rise, and sell them if you expect it to fall. The change in the value of your position reflects movements in the underlying market. With CFDs, you can close your position any time when the market is open.

Futures, on the other hand, are contracts that require you to trade a financial instrument in the future. Unlike CFDs, they specify a fixed date and price for this transaction – which can involve taking physical ownership of the underlying asset on this date – and must be purchased via an exchange. The value of a futures contract depends as much on market sentiment about the future price of the asset as current movements in the underlying market.

It is worth keeping in mind that with an IG CFD trading account, you can speculate on the price of futures contracts without having to buy the contracts themselves.

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The risks of loss from investing in CFDs can be substantial and the value of your investments may fluctuate. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. You should consider whether you understand how this product works, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

CFD Accounts provided by IG International Limited. IG International Limited is licensed to conduct investment business and digital asset business by the Bermuda Monetary Authority and is registered in Bermuda under No. 54814.

The information on this site is not directed at residents of the United States and is not intended for distribution to, or use by, any person in any country or jurisdiction where such distribution or use would be contrary to local law or regulation.

IG International Limited is part of the IG Group and its ultimate parent company is IG Group Holdings Plc. IG International Limited receives services from other members of the IG Group including IG Markets Limited.

РЫНКИ OANDA | ВАШ ГЛОБАЛЬНЫЙ ПАРТНЕР В ТОРГОВЛЕ ВАЛЮТАМИ И КОНТРАКТАМИ НА РАЗНИЦУ

Торгуйте без всяких комиссий более чем 100 инструментами, включая валютные пары, сырьевые товары, индексы, облигации и металлы † .

Никаких минимальных депозитов

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ФОРЕКС

Валютный рынок — крупнейший в мире класс активов и наиболее ликвидный рынок с ежедневным оборотом более 5 трлн долларов США. Операции с иностранными валютами создают возможности для получения дохода независимо от волатильности рынка.

Вы можете получить доступ к широкому набору торговых инструментов, включая все основные валюты и пары второстепенных валют.

Товарные контракты на разницу

Часто используемые для измерения потенциального инфляционного давления на экономику, сырьевые товары подвержены неожиданным ценовым колебаниям, что создает новые возможности для торговли.

Предлагаемые OANDA контракты на разницу дают возможность проводить самые разнообразные операции с наиболее популярными в мире сырьевыми товарами с узкими переменными спредами.

КОНТРАКТЫ НА РАЗНИЦУ ОБЛИГАЦИЙ

Облигации позволяют диверсифицировать ваш портфель, хеджировать риски и открывать позиции на будущие изменения процентных ставок, опираясь на надежность и стабильность государственных казначейских бумаг.

Как в длинных, так и в коротких позициях облигации могут сыграть важнейшую роль в извлечении выгоды из макроэкономических событий.

КОНТРАКТЫ НА РАЗНИЦУ ИНДЕКСОВ

Фондовые индексы активно используются в спекулятивных операциях на ведущих финансовых рынках мира. Они представляют собой средневзвешенную стоимость ценных бумаг компаний, включенных в листинг фондовой биржи, и создают сбалансированные торговые возможности на глобальных фондовых рынках.

Торгуйте фондовыми индексами с OANDA, пользуясь волатильностью, создаваемой корпоративными и мировыми событиями.

ДРАГОЦЕННЫЕ МЕТАЛЛЫ

Драгоценные металлы † также служат индикатором состояния мировой экономики и во времена экономической нестабильности часто используются как «тихая гавань».

Поскольку рыночный спрос не зависит от конкретных территорий, многие дальновидные инвесторы торгуют драгоценными металлами, чтобы диверсифицировать портфель и хеджировать свои позиции, даже когда рынки падают.

РЕАЛЬНЫЕ КУРСЫ. НАДО ТОЛЬКО ВЗГЛЯНУТЬ.

Смотрите прямо сейчас реальные курсы продажи и покупки, которые используют трейдеры в операциях с валютами и контрактами на разницу, на торговой платформе OANDA. Курсы обновляются с шагом в один тик менее чем за секунду.

НАЧНИТЕ ТОРГОВЛЮ

Откройте демо-счет. Это поможет вам разработать торговую стратегию.

Откройте реальный счет уже сейчас, и вы сможете торговать через несколько минут.

Убытки могут превысить инвестиции.

ПЕРЕХОДИТЕ В OANDA. ПОЛУЧИТЕ БОЛЬШЕ ТОРГОВЫХ ВОЗМОЖНОСТЕЙ.

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Прозрачная модель ценообразования

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ТОРГОВЫЕ ИНТЕРНЕТ-ПЛАТФОРМЫ

Наши собственные инновационные торговые платформы для операций с валютами и контрактами на разницу сочетают исключительное качество исполнения сделок и глубину рынка с отсутствием отказов и перекотировок.

Заявление об отказе от ответственности

Контракты на разницу и операции с драгоценными металлами НЕДОСТУПНЫ для резидентов Соединенных Штатов Америки.

Комиссией по торговле товарными фьючерсами (CFTC) установлены следующие ограничения размера заемного капитала, которым могут пользоваться трейдеры-физические лица на рынке Форекс в США: 50 : 1 по основным валютным парам и 20:1 по другим парам валют. OANDA Asia Pacific предлагает максимальное кредитное плечо 50 : 1 по продуктам Форекс. По операциям с контрактами на разницу применяются ограничения кредитного плеча. Максимальный размер кредитного плеча для клиентов OANDA Canada устанавливается Организацией по регулированию инвестиционной деятельности Канады (IIROC) и может изменяться. Подробная информация приводится в разделе «Выполнение регуляторных и финансовых требований».

OANDA не применяет перекотировки. Все заявки исполняются по реальной рыночной цене в момент получения запроса на нашем сервере. Никаких автоматических отказов. Рыночные приказы не исполняются, только если они выходят за пределы верхнего или нижнего лимита, установленного вами для защиты от колебаний цен, или на вашем счете недостаточно средств для проведения сделки.

© 1996–2020 OANDA Corporation. Все права защищены. Товарные знаки OANDA, fxTrade и семейство товарных знаков fx принадлежат OANDA Corporation. Все прочие товарные знаки, представленные на этом сайте, являются собственностью соответствующих владельцев.

Торговля контрактами на иностранную валюту или иными внебиржевыми продуктами с использованием маржи и кредитного плеча влечет высокие риски и подходит не всем инвесторам. Рекомендуем вам тщательно оценить, подходят ли вам такие торговые операции с учетом ваших личных обстоятельств. Ваши убытки могут превысить объем ваших инвестиций. Информация, приведенная на данном сайте, носит общий характер. Рекомендуем вам до начала торговли обратиться за помощью к независимым консультантам и убедиться, что вы полностью понимаете все сопутствующие риски. Торговля посредством онлайн-платформы влечет дополнительные риски. См. раздел «Правовые вопросы» здесь.

Финансовый спред-беттинг доступен только клиентам OANDA Europe Ltd, являющимся резидентами Соединенного Королевства или Республики Ирландия. Контракты на разницу, функции хеджирования МТ4 и кредитное плечо свыше 50:1 недоступны для резидентов Соединенных Штатов Америки. Информация на этом сайте не предназначена для жителей стран, в которых ее распространение или использование любым лицом противоречит местным законам и правилам.

Счета в OANDA (Canada) Corporation ULC может открыть любое лицо с банковским счетом в Канаде. Регулирование деятельности OANDA (Canada) Corporation ULC осуществляет Организация по регулированию инвестиционной отрасли Канады (IIROC), а счета клиентов страхуются в пределах указанных лимитов Канадским фондом защиты инвесторов. Брошюра с описанием сущности и лимитов страхового покрытия доступна по запросу или по адресу www.cipf.ca.

Деятельность OANDA Australia Pty Ltd регулируется Австралийской комиссией по ценным бумагам и инвестициям (ASIC) (рег. номер ABN 26 152 088 349, рег. номер AFSL 412981). Компания является поставщиком и эмитентом продуктов и (или) услуг, представленных на данном сайте. Перед принятием любых решений о финансовых инвестициях настоятельно рекомендуем вам ознакомиться с текущими версиями Руководства по финансовым услугам (FSG), Заявления о раскрытии информации о продуктах (‘PDS’), Условий открытия и ведения счета и другими документами OANDA. Указанные документы можно найти здесь.

OANDA Corporation — уполномоченный посредник в срочных биржевых операциях и валютный дилер, зарегистрированный Комиссией по торговле товарными фьючерсами; член Национальной фьючерсной ассоциации, рег. № 0325821. В необходимых случаях см. ПРЕДУПРЕЖДЕНИЕ НФА ДЛЯ ИНВЕСТОРОВ НА РЫНКЕ ФОРЕКС.

Компания с ограниченной ответственностью OANDA Europe Limited зарегистрирована в Англии, регистрационный номер 7110087, юридический адрес: Tower 42, Floor 9a, 25 Old Broad St, London EC2N 1HQ. Деятельность компании лицензирована и регулируется Управлением финансового надзора, лицензия № 542574.

OANDA Japan Co., Ltd. — первый директор по операциям с финансовыми инструментами типа Kanto Local Financial Bureau (Kin-sho), рег. № 2137; член Ассоциации финансовых фьючерсов, рег. № 1571.

OANDA Asia Pacific Pte Ltd (рег. № 200704926K) имеет лицензию на оказание услуг на рынках капиталов, выданную Валютным управлением Сингапура, а также лицензию Комитета по развитию международной торговли Сингапура (IE Singapore).

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PARTNER WITH AN AWARD WINNING FX BROKER

  • Competitive Rebate Scheme
  • Instant Commission Payout
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The investors get access to over a hundred CFD financial instruments including Forex, Precious Metal, Crude Oil, Indices and Shares. All the instruments can be executed on one platform and offer the best opportunities to all the investors.

STP mode enables brokers to cooperate with all the liquidity providers to set up the most competitive bid and ask price to the clients.

Clients’ funds are segregated completely with the operational funds of the company and kept in different banks, and audited by the regulatory authorities.

Our employees are from the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Spain, Cyprus, Russia, Ukraine, UAE, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. Most of them have over 10 years in the industry to provide professional, localized services.

Trading Instruments

The investors get access to over a hundred CFD financial instruments including Forex, Precious Metal, Crude Oil, Indices and Shares. All the instruments can be executed on one platform and offer the best opportunities to all the investors.

Forex: We offer 43 currency pairs – majors, crosses, and exotics. Ultra tight spreads on major pairs including EUR/USD, USD/JPY, and GBP/USD.

Precious Metal: We offer gold and silver trading, which are highly liquid markets.

Crude Oil: We offer WTI Oil and Brent Oil CFD trading, which oil is of the most popular trading commodities.

Indices: We offer 15 kinds of shares indices CFDs from US, Europe, and Asia.

Shares CFDs: We offer 50 major US and German shares, including famous enterprises like Apple, Amazon, etc..

Trading Mode

Today’s investors require extremely tight spreads, deep liquidity, market transparency , anonymous trading, low slippage and latency. However it is not easy to meet all these requirements ,especially the investors demands differently on pricing and trading execution. STP mode enables brokers to corporate with all the liquidity providers to set up the most competitive bid and ask price to the clients. High transaction volume stimulates liquidity provides to offer advanced leverages to execute the clients’ orders. STP provides the best trading environment to meet the clients’ satisfaction with the effective liquidity between price providers and receivers.

Fund Safety

Segregated Funds‏

Clients’ funds are segregated completely with the operational funds of the company and kept in different banks, and audited by the regulatory authorities.

Finance Operation Safety

Our self-developed automotive accounting system allows clients complete withdrawal only if the clients’ identities matches the accounts’ ownership, meanwhile we have established partnerships with professional audit organization EY to ensure all the finance transparent.‏

Fast and Safe Deposit and Withdrawal

We are constantly striving to offer the clients safe, fast and high quality withdrawal procedures.‏

  • Efficient automatic procedures: automatic application and conduct prove the withdraw speed and accuracy. ‏
  • Strict finance auditing: we strictly audit every withdrawal to ensure the funds can be safely returned to the clients.
  • Professional assistance: our customer support team will timely assist you to complete withdrawals by means of email, tele-communication and so on.

Multiple Funds Guarantees

The professional investors will not only consider the investment safety and specific trading conditions but also view and assure company business scope complied with all the national legal requirement and international finance standard.

Services and Support

Multilingual customer support

With over 10 years of experience in financial industry, our teammates have to provide professional, localised services for our clients. Currently our services are provided in 13 languages include English, Cantonese, Mandarin, Spanish, Italian, German, Arabic, Vietnamese, Thai, Uyghur, etc.

Contact us

We are in tune with our clients’ needs around the clock. Our contact details are following:

  • Hotline:
    China 400-1200-143
    Malaysia 1800 813 690
    Philippines +63 (2) 231 2153
    Taiwan 0080 112 7901
    Thailand 1800012752
    Vietnam +84 284 458 1666

We are here serving you 24/5 and we plan on doing so in the most exceptional manner imaginable.

Your valuable feedback is always welcome.

The work of creation never halts. We are making great progress with your valuable suggestion and advice.

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We are committed to meeting your CFD and forex trading needs

All trading involves risk, losses can exceed your deposits. Risk Policy

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Legal: ATFX is a trading name of AT Global Markets Limited (ATGM, registration number 24226 IBC 2020). ATGM is an International Business Company in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Registered address is : The Financial Services Centre, Stoney Ground, Kingstown, St.Vincent & the Grenadines.

HIGH RISK INVESTMENT WARNING: Trading Foreign Exchange (Forex) and Contracts for Differences (CFDs) is highly speculative, carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. You may sustain a loss of some or all of your invested capital, therefore, you should not speculate with capital that you cannot afford to lose. You should be aware of all the risks associated with trading on margin. Please read the full Risk Disclosure Policy.

Restricted Regions: AT Global Markets Limited does not provide services to residents of Canada (Provinces of British Columbia, Quebec, and Saskatchewan), Japan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), Iran and United States of America (USA).

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